With the Brexit transition period coming to an end on 31 December 2020, the rules and regulations regarding product self-certification of products made in the UK have changed as well. A new UKCA mark has been introduced by the UK government to replace the existing EU-recognised CE mark.
Depending on what the product is and what market it will be sold on, one or both markings may be required. Below you will find all the relevant information you need to stay compliant with self-certification regulations in the UK after the split from the EU.
What is the UKCA Mark?
UKCA or UK Conformity Assessment marking is a new product marking required for specific products sold in England, Wales and Scotland from January 2021.
UKCA certification signifies that a product has been found to comply with all health, safety and environmental requirements outlined by UK regulations for this specific product type. Most products that previously were CE marked will now need to have a UKCA mark.
Where is the UKCA mark recognised?
Different certifications will be required for products placed on the GB, EU and NI markets. Here’s where the UKCA marks can or cannot be used:
Great Britain: Yes
The UKCA mark is recognised in Great Britain only, so it’s applicable only for products sold in England, Wales and Scotland.
The UKCA marking is not a recognised certification of quality for products sold in the EU. Those will continue to require the relevant CE certification.
Northern Ireland: No
The UKCA marking on its own is also not recognised in Northern Ireland. Products sold on the NI market will additionally require the CE marking or UKNI marking.
UKCA mark implementation timeline
The UKCA mark officially came into force on 1 January 2021. However, an adjustment period was set out by the UK Government to allow businesses to adapt to the new regulations.
If you have existing stock of products manufactured and CE marked before the end of 2020, you may be able to sell those on the GB market without UKCA marking until the end of 2021.
There are two key dates to remember:
- 1 January 2021 – UKCA comes into force for relevant products on the GB market
- 1 January 2022 – CE markings are no longer recognised in Great Britain
The use of medical devices in Great Britain is subject to an extended courtesy deadline. CE marking will be accepted for those until 30 June 2023.
Some products may be required to have a UKCA marking before January 2022. For that to be the case, all four of the below requirements must be met:
- The product is intended for sale in Great Britain
- The product is subject to legislation which requires the UKCA mark
- Third-party conformity assessment is mandatory for this type of product
- UK conformity assessment body has carried out the conformity assessment
Please note that all of the dates outlined above are dependent on the UK and EU standards and regulations remaining the same during the time period defined above. Significant changes may result in the enforcement of new deadlines for UKCA marking implementation.
What products does the UKCA mark apply to?
As the CE marking and the UKCA marking are subject to similar conformity assessment processes and the standard technical requirements remain largely unchanged, most products that were CE marked will have to be UKCA marked to be sold in England, Scotland or Wales.
Products covered by UKCA include but are not limited to:
- Equipment for use outdoors
- Radio equipment
- Gas appliances
- Measuring and weighing (non-automatic) instruments
- Marine equipment including recreational watercrafts
Medical devices, civil explosives, construction products and rail interoperability products also require UKCA marking but they are subject to additional rules and regulations.
Self-declaration of conformity for UKCA marking covers various legislative areas. Check the Government website for the full list of covered areas.
Rules for placing a UKCA mark
UKCA marking will generally have to be placed on the product itself or on the packaging, depending on the specific legislation for the product type.
Usually, the following rules will apply:
- Only the manufacturer or an authorised representative can place a UKCA mark
- The UKCA marking can be placed only if required by a relevant UK legislation
- The person attaching the UKCA mark takes responsibility for the product complying with the relevant legislation
- The UKCA marking only shows conformity with the relevant UK legislation
- The UKCA mark must be visible and legible (minimum 5mm in height, unless otherwise specified)
- You should not put any additional markings that lead to the UKCA meaning being misconstrued by third parties
From January 2023, the UKCA marks must be permanently attached to the product.
Documentation related to UKCA marking
To ensure conformity with UK industry standards and legislation and to be able to prove it to the relevant regulatory bodies you will have to have certain UKCA documentation, including a UK Declaration of Conformity and detailed technical records.
UK Declaration of Conformity
The majority of products that have a UKCA mark must be accompanied by a UK Declaration of Conformity. This is an important legal document which you should be able to present at any point, if required by the relevant market surveillance authorities.
The UK Declaration of Conformity is similar to the EU Declaration of conformity and it usually includes the following information:
- The name of the manufacturer or their authorised representative
- The business address of the manufacturer or their authorised representative
- the product’s serial number, model or type identification
- A statement acknowledging the person placing the UKCA mark’s responsibility for the product’s compliance
- Information about the approved body which has carried out the conformity assessment procedure (where relevant)
- The relevant legislation that the assessment procedure complies with
- Name and signature of the person placing the UKCA mark
- Date of issue of the UK Declaration of Conformity
- Any supplementary information
Legislative requirements for technical record-keeping vary for different products but generally, you should be able to provide documentation showing key information about:
- The design and manufacturing of the product
- Product assessment demonstrating conformity with the relevant requirements
- The manufacturer’s address
- The address of any storage facilities the product has been kept in
You must keep all documentation proving that the product is compliant with statutory regulations for up to 10 years after it was made available on the market.
These documents can be requested by any responsible body, be it MSAs of enforcement authorities. Failure to provide those documents may lead to financial losses, including fines, compensations and product discontinuation.
How can RiskMach help?
With years of expertise in helping manufacturers ensure international product compliance, RiskMach can help you stay safe and compliant in a post-Brexit economic landscape with the help of our CE and UKCA self-certification software platform, which
Allows you to organise the design risk assessment process
Enables multiple users to collaborate
- Helps you gather all relevant documentation
- Ensures compliance with all relevant safety regulations
- Stores your technical documents for more than 10 years
- and much more